To illustrate the gravity of medical interpretation errors in health care settings, Marchione writes about a study involving thirteen medical visits between pediatricians and Spanish-speaking mothers at a Boston clinic. The study shows that an average of thirty-one interpretation errors occurred during each of the thirteen doctor visits, which were tape-recorded and subsequently analyzed to detect such interpretation mistakes. Of these errors, sixty-three percent were considered serious enough to have adverse medical consequences due to altered descriptions of illnesses to doctors, misstated diagnoses or treatment options, misunderstandings about a child's condition, or misconceptions about the need for follow-up visits or referrals. The author comments that when professional interpreters are not available, health care staff often rely on nurses, social workers, friends, or family members of patients, increasing the risk of interpretation errors.
An annotated bibliography provides summaries and evaluations of sources, while a traditional bibliography is just a list of citations for sources. As long as you keep this key difference in mind, making an annotated bibliography is totally doable. The citation for each source is followed by a description and discussion of the source, called the annotation. These annotations typically explain the strengths and weaknesses of the sources, as well as their relevance to your research project. Always check with your teacher or advisor for precise instructions.
An annotated bibliography may combine elements of all the types. In fact, most of them fall into this category: a little summarizing and describing, a little evaluation.
Avian Collision and Electrocution: An Annotated Bibliography Example of an alphabetically arranged annotated bibliography that also provides indexing for various subject, taxonomic, and geographic categories of information.